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Characteristics of welding gloves and their uses

Gloves that protect against welding hazards are gloves that protect a person against any sort of contact with heat or mechanical aggression resulting from this type of activity.

Welding gloves protect a person against any sort of contact with heat or mechanical aggression resulting from this type of activity.Their main role is to protect from molten metal splatter and to protect hands and arms from the convective heat given off by a welding gun.


By welding we refer to the activities of:


• Arc welding


• MIG/MAG welding




• Plasma welding and cutting


• Oxyacetylene welding and cutting


Apart from the compulsory CE marking, European Union directives require that protective gloves are marked with the following, according to the EN 420 standard:


1. Name, trademark or any other form of identifying the manufacturer or authorised representative.


2. Glove name (trade name or code, allowing users to identify the product as part of a range offered by a manufacturer or authorised representative).


3. Size.These are contemplated for flash and TIG welding, the size for arc welding is special (larger).


4. Date of obsolescence, when protective performance is significantly affected by ageing.These gloves do not a have a date of obsolescence.


5. They must also be marked with the corresponding pictograms required by the EN 388, EN 407 and EN 12477 standards.


Protective gloves for welders protect against small droplets of molten metal, short exposure to a limited flame, convective heat and UV radiation emitted by the arc.They also offer protection against mechanical aggressions.


For this reason, gloves protecting against welding hazards must comply with standards EN 388 (a-resistance to abrasion; b-blade cut resistance; c-tear resistance; d-puncture resistance), EN 407 (j-resistance to flammability; k-resistance to contact heat; l-resistance to convective heat; m-resistance to radiant heat; n-resistance to small splashes of molten metal; o-resistance to large splashes of molten metal) and EN 12477 (type A and type B gloves).


The use of this type of safety glove is compulsory for all personnel carrying out tasks involving any type of welding.


They should have the following characteristics:


- 5 fingers (not mitts).


- Butt split leather or palm in cowhide depending on the type of welding.There are a large and varied combinations that can apply to welding gloves, and different types of leather can be combined with aramid textiles with greatly capacity for heat absorption.


- Long cuff in butt split leather.


- Completely lined in cotton or aramid textile.


- Fully sewn with Kevlar thread, with no exposed seams.


Recommendations before you choose:


- Choose the correct size.Try on gloves before buying them to ensure they fit well and that you can move your hands while performing a task.


- Be aware of the type of welding they will be used for, bearing in mind that many welding gloves can be used for other industrial work and projects related to welding.


- It is advisable to purchase welding sleeves or clothing with protective properties for greater safety and to ensure that no part of the body is exposed to potential splatter.


- Each set of gloves should be used by one person only.

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